The economic component becomes a critical factor in the success of the transition process. Hamza Alavi a Marxist sociologist believes that in western societies, the indigenous bourgeoisie in the West created the concept of the state. ODM was too strong.
The 19th-century colonial partition took little note of ethnic boundaries; hence the great majority of African states are multiethnic.
Understandings of ethnicity have evolved in more recent decades. Breton, Basque, Catalan and Occitan Cellard, One classic example of this approach has been the imposition of structural adjustment programs, under which the entire management of the economy is removed from the realm of participatory politics.
This follows through to the Marxist approach above and Debrays states regarding political domination. The crucial point to be made is that, democracy must always be prepared to recognize differences among groups of people, but whether these should be institutionalized within a federal system is something that may legitimately vary from state to state.
Finally, if there is a way forward within this binary position. If, on the other hand, the efficiency of the government is to be measured by its ability to meet the needs of its people, then a high level of participation can only promote this end. The phenomenon or, as some put it, the traumatism, of immigration has been used as a convenient target for public discontent and has become a politically important and sensitive issue.
Another important process that took place involved the transformation of the market industries from agricultural to more industrial ways.
Nations and nation states It would appear then that the drive for self determination, which has acted as the principal inspiration for many modern day nationalist movements, challenges the legitimacy of the state by placing in question its claim to represent the popular will of the nation.
The way forward There is no point in addressing the ills bedevilling Kenya while ignoring the actual causes, since the major cause of tribalism in Kenya and in Africa as a whole today is the competition and confrontation over power and resources.
Mau Mau played a significant role in the politics of the time and still continues to do so.
Gogol had borrowed this statement from a line in a poem by Alexander Pushkin. While a greater percentage are in Third World countries, Western Europe has 21 such minority groups spread over 13 countries, constituting 7. Article insists on affirmative action to ensure inclusivity.
However, it would be a fallacy to give credit purely to the inheritance colonial practices like the implementation of licences and import restriction.
In Kenya today, controversy exists not only on the ethics of the Mau Mau fighters, but also on the origins of the rebellion. In such situations, there is an inordinate amount of stress on certain ethnic communities or characteristics.
Over the next few paragraphs we shall expound on the two approaches and their see their relation to Kenya as a post-colonial state. This made it hard for democratisation.
In Kenya, perhaps the most famous of these rebellions is the Mau Mau Rebellion. Blacks have had to stand up as South Africans who have been victims of apartheid. Page 35 Share Cite Suggested Citation: This gives a more general and relatable image to the readers, this, in turn, retreats from a post-colonial discourse.
Majoritarian democracy, on the other hand, entailed a broad consensus on values and procedures, the participation in the selection of ruling elites, and the accountability of leadership to the electorate.
African states adopted various colonialist systems which entailed an authoritarian political culture. If groups are interspersed, then violent conflict can emerge, as it has in the Balkans and in Nagorno-Karabakh.
This became more difficult because the formation of a state in itself was a western creation. This is the problem as far as the issue of centralization is concerned. It was pointed out also that democracy in Africa has been badly hindered by the state's control of the economy; this has meant that the only way to get rich has been through political office, intensifying the problem of corruption, and inducing leaders to cling to political power.
More importantly, however, the feeling of gloom upon which it feeds has its roots in the rapid dismantling of the old centralized political system and the attempt to achieve a quick transition to a market economy. However, the legitimacy of these claims is disputed.
Some participants advocated that a code of ethics for the press be instituted simultaneously with such new laws. Jun 17, · Hypothesis While ethnicity is not mono-causal to determining voting behaviour, the focus of this study is the consistency of ethnicity as a key determinant of voting behaviour in Ghana, particularly, in the Volta and Ashanti Regions.
The politics of identity and ethnicity will remain a fundamental characteristic of the Kenyan democracy. Keywords: Ethnicity, democracy, colonization, mul-ticultural not ‘them’) have taken centre stage in Kenya’s political lingo. A public office is seen to belong to a.
The study examined secondary data on ethnicity, politics, democratic transition and political violence to understand the nature of recurrent political violence in Kenya. The study found that in periods of political competition such as elections, political elites.
Democracy and Governance in Africa Africa's continuing reliance on foreign aid has increased the opportunities for bilateral and multilateral aid agencies to influence policy making in the region. The major donors have been meeting frequently in order to discuss development and debt problems and to devise aid strategies for African governments.
Kenya Studies Review Volume 3 Number 3 December 10 The multiparty kind of democracy that Kenya has enjoyed so far unfortunately seems to work along ethnic lines although all elections since have revealed ethnic dimensions. Party Politics in the Post-Independence Period (Ethnicity and Party Politics) Key Actors in Kenya’s Politics (Key Individuals, CSO/FBOs, Private Sector Kenya: Democracy and Political Participation.
Nairobi: Open Society Foundation Proliferation and Coordination on State Capacity in Kenya: The Case of Governance and Inclusive.Ethnicity and democracy in the case of kenya politics essay